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Nuttall's Starling, Yellow-headed Troopial, Bullock's Oriole

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Nuttall's Starling, Yellow-headed Troopial, Bullock's Oriole

Artist: John James Audubon (American, 1785 - 1851)

Engraver: Robert Havell Jr. (American, 1793 - 1878)

Date: 1838
Medium: etching and aquatint on paper, hand-colored
Double elephant: 40 × 26 7/8 inches (101.6 × 68.3 cm)
Mat: 45 x 29 1/2 inches (114.3 x 74.9 cm)
Other (Plate): 19 11/16 x 12 1/2 inches (50 x 31.8 cm)
Frame: 46 3/4 × 33 3/8 × 1 1/4 inches (118.7 × 84.8 × 3.2 cm)
Classification: Prints
Inscribed: 600 (lower right corner, faded pencil); No. 8. (upper left); PLATE CCCLXXXVIII. (upper right); Nuttall's Starling,/ ICTERUS TRICOLOR, Aud/ 1. Adult Male. (left of center); Yellow-headed Troopial,/ ICTERUS XANTHOCEPHALUS, Bonap./ 2.Adult Male. 3. Do Female. 4.head of Young Male. (lower center); Bullock's Oriole,/ ICTERUS BULLOCKII./ 5. Adult Male. (right of center); Drawn from Nature by J.J.Audubon, F.R.S. F.L.S. (lower left); Engraved, Printed and Coloured by R. Havell,1837. (lower right)
Markings: NEW YORK/ SOCIETY/ LIBRARY (stamped reverse lower right quadrant, red ink); J WHATMAN/ 1838 (left quadrant starting at beak of bird number 1)
Credit Line: Purchase of the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation, 2012
Object number: 2012.2.1
DescriptionComposite plate
Label Text:When Audubon completed the 435 prints for The Birds of America, he wanted to make some improvements. He wanted to correct some errors and misplacements. He asked his printmaker, Havell, to re-print thirteen plates with additions from other plates. The resulting plates are called composite plates (or prints). This composite plate is the reprinted plate CCCLXXXVIII with additions from plate CCCCXXXIII. Audubon wanted to portray examples of the same species in one image. He instructed Havell to transfer a male and female Bullock’s oriole to this print.
Provenance: Charles H. Contoit; gifted 1883 to New York Society Library, New York, New York. New York Society Library, Deaccessioned March 19, 1980; (Sotheby’s, New York, New York), [1]; Unknown; (Skinner Auctioneer and Appraisers of Antique and Fine Art, Boston, Massachutes) [2]; purchased May 10, 2012 through (J. Gilbert Johnston, Antique Nature Prints, Birmingham, Alabama) by the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation; accessioned to the Stark Museum of Art | 1. June 7, 1980. Lot 152 | 2. November 14, 2010. Lot 628
  • Drawn to Life: Audubon's Legacy