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Florida Cormorant

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Florida Cormorant

Artist: John James Audubon (American, 1785 - 1851)

Engraver: Robert Havell Jr. (American, 1793 - 1878)

Date: 1835
Medium: etching and aquatint on paper, hand-colored
Dimensions:
Double elephant: 38 1/4 x 25 1/2 inches (97.2 x 64.8 cm)
Classification: Pages
Inscribed: No. 51. (upper left); PLATE. CCLII. (upper right); Drawn from Nature by J.J. Audubon, F.R.S. F.L.S. (lower left); Florida Cormorant,/ PHALACROCORAX FLORIDANUS./ Male Adult. Spring Dress./ View, Florida Keys. (lower center); Engraved, Printed, & Coloured, by R. Havell, London, 1835. (lower right)
Credit Line: Partial Bequest of H.J. Lutcher Stark, 1965 and Partial Gift of Nelda C. Stark, 1973
Object number: 11.1.2.D.91_Florida Cormorant
DescriptionThis page is bound in Volume IV (11.1.2.D).
Label Text:Audubon painted the Florida cormorant on his birthday, April 26, in 1832. He was on a sketching trip in the Florida Keys. He described the conditions, “The temperature in the shade was about 90 degrees Fahr., and the effluvia which impregnated the air of the channels was extremely disagreeable. Still the mangroves were in full bloom, and the Cormorants in perfect vigour.” Today the name for this bird is the double-crested cormorant.
Provenance: Artist; by inheritance to his son John Woodhouse Audubon [1812-1862]; purchased December 7, 1861 by John Taylor Johnston [1]; by inheritance to his son John Herbert Johnston as of 1893; by inheritance to his grandson William W. Appleton [1915-2014]; as of November 26, 1939 (Harry A. Levinson, The Chaucer Head Book Shop, New York) [2]; purchased 1939 by Cornelius D. Ehret, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; purchased April 29, 1954 through (Nada Kramar, Washington, D.C.) by H.J. Lutcher Stark [1887-1965]; ½ interest bequeathed September 2, 1965 to the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation [3]; remaining ½ interest gifted February 1, 1973 to the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation by Nelda C. Stark [1909-1999]; accessioned to the Stark Museum of Art | 1. See letter and bill of sale from John Woodhouse Audubon to John Taylor Johnston (object number 11.2.105.A-C) | 2. The New York Times Book Review, "Notes on Rare Books," November 26, 1939. | 3. Owned jointly by H.J. Lutcher Stark and Nelda C. Stark until his death at which point his ½ interest was bequeathed to the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation.
Exhibitions:
  • Drawn to Life: Audubon's Legacy
Terms
  • Florida Keys