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Brown Pelican

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Brown Pelican

Artist: John James Audubon (American, 1785 - 1851)

Engraver: Robert Havell Jr. (American, 1793 - 1878)

Date: 1835
Medium: etching and aquatint on paper, hand-colored
Dimensions:
Double elephant: 38 1/4 x 25 1/2 inches (97.2 x 64.8 cm)
Classification: Pages
Inscribed: No. 51 (upper left); PLATE CCLI (upper right); Drawn from Nature by J.J. Audubon, F.R.S. F.L.S. (lower left); Brown Pelican./ PELECANUS FUSCUS./ Male Adult. (lower center); Engraved. Printed. & Coloured. by R. Havell. 1835 (lower right)
Credit Line: Partial Bequest of H.J. Lutcher Stark, 1965 and Partial Gift of Nelda C. Stark, 1973
Object number: 11.1.2.E.32_Brown Pelican
DescriptionThis page is bound in Volume V (11.1.2.E).
Label Text:Audubon probably painted the brown pelican in the Florida Keys in 1832. He posed the dramatic bird on the branches of a mangrove tree. Artist George Lehman drew the plant. In the text Audubon described behaviors and characterized brown pelicans as “watchful pilots.”
Provenance: Artist; by inheritance to his son John Woodhouse Audubon [1812-1862]; purchased December 7, 1861 by John Taylor Johnston [1]; by inheritance to his son John Herbert Johnston as of 1893; by inheritance to his grandson William W. Appleton [1915-2014]; as of November 26, 1939 (Harry A. Levinson, The Chaucer Head Book Shop, New York) [2]; purchased 1939 by Cornelius D. Ehret, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; purchased April 29, 1954 through (Nada Kramar, Washington, D.C.) by H.J. Lutcher Stark [1887-1965]; ½ interest bequeathed September 2, 1965 to the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation [3]; remaining ½ interest gifted February 1, 1973 to the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation by Nelda C. Stark [1909-1999]; accessioned to the Stark Museum of Art | 1. See letter and bill of sale from John Woodhouse Audubon to John Taylor Johnston (object number 11.2.105.A-C) | 2. The New York Times Book Review, "Notes on Rare Books," November 26, 1939. | 3. Owned jointly by H.J. Lutcher Stark and Nelda C. Stark until his death at which point his ½ interest was bequeathed to the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation.
Exhibitions:
  • Drawn to Life: Audubon's Legacy
Terms
  • Florida Keys