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Tipi Door

On view

Tipi Door

Artist: Arapaho

Date: c.1900
Medium: canvas, beads, wool fabric, leather and deer hoofs
Dimensions:
54 3/16 x 37 1/2 inches (137.7 x 95.2 cm)
Classification: Ethnographic
Inscribed: Sun Road/ 70 years (written at top in pencil)
Credit Line: Gift of Nelda C. Stark, 1977
Object number: 82.900.342
Accession Number: 1977.1.94
DescriptionCanvas decorated with circles of red wool capped with deer hoofs; horizontal beaded strip; hand-sewn, leather ties
Label Text:Indigenous people of the Great Plains used the tipi as their home. Traditionally, buffalo skins made the covering. Later, canvas replaced the skins. The door was a separate piece. An inscription and the reported provenance of this tipi door trace its ownership to Sun Roads, a chief of the Arapaho. The Arapaho homelands had previously covered a section of the central Plains. In 1878, the United States Army moved the Northern Arapaho to a reservation in Wyoming. Artists Joseph Henry Sharp and Joseph Scheuerle painted portraits of Sun Roads. Scheuerle described him as a warrior and leader of the Ghost Dance movement.
Provenance: The son of Sunroads; purchased by Duhamel Company, Harness and Saddlery, Cowboy and Indian Traders, Rapid City, South Dakota; purchased by H.J. Lutcher Stark [1887-1965]; bequeathed September 2, 1965 to Nelda C. Stark [1909-1999]; gifted July 1, 1977 to the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation, July 1, 1977; accessioned to the Stark Museum of Art
Exhibitions:
  • The West As Home